Whether you are looking for a Turkish translation for something technical, legal or medical, or simply a letter, we can help you.
Lingua Translations is well known for its quality-driven Turkish translation services.
We will equip you with knowledge and methods, enabling you to communicate in the correct written form of Arabic, so can reach your target audience with ease and confidence.
We offer a professional Turkish to English and English to Turkish language translation service. Here is some information which you will find useful as the Turkish language is full of interesting facts and essential tips when you are looking to communicate effectively in Turkish speaking countries.
Location: Western Asia/Southeastern Europe
Population: 74 million people
Language Family: Altaic, Turkic group
Related Languages: Anatolian
Number of Global Speakers: native speakers: 60 million. Second language 15 million.
For Europe, Turkey is known as the gateway to Asia. Geographically, Turkey is partly in the European continent and partly in the Asian continent, even though the majority of Turkish territory (97%) is in Asia. Turkish is spoken by 90% of the population. The other 10% speak minority languages including Kurdish, Arabic, Circassian, Greek, Armenian and Judezmo. Turkish originated in the Altay Mountain Range in Northern Siberia centuries ago, and the most common variant is Istanbul Turkish.
The country is steeped in history and known famously for its roots relating to the Ottoman Empire when it ruled the Middle East and Eastern Europe for over 600 years. During this period, the Ottomans captured Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantium Empire and renamed it Istanbul, the name it still has today. After Constantinople fell, many scholars and artists fled to Italy which ignited the European renaissance.
Unlike other conquering nations, the Ottoman Empire did not enforce its religion (Islam) on the people it conquered and allowed for Christians and Jews to worship without persecution. Why? They believed it would stop people from rebelling and was one of the reasons for why they were able to rule for such a long period of time!
The Republic of Turkey was born in 1923 and as part of its creation it was decided that the country’s national language should be composed of the common spoken Turkish form rather than the more formal Ottoman Turkish script. In 1928, it was decided to abolish the Arabic script form of Turkish, and adopt a modified Latin form as it was felt that this was more reflective of the language as it was spoken at the time. New Turkish words based on the language’s history, as well as words that had been previously used in the Ottoman Empire, were brought into the language thus creating the modern Turkish language.
Turkish is one of Cyprus’ official languages and there are areas of Central Asia, the Middle East and the Balkans where it is spoken. Germany also is known for having a large Turkish immigrant population as a result of large migration between the 1960’s and 70’s when there were labor shortages in West Germany. As a result there is a large Turkish population living there which continues to keep its language roots and speak Turkish as well as German.
Turkey is developing rapidly and ongoing negotiations to join the EU and Customs Union within the EU make it an appealing country for UK business prospectors and although it is not a member state yet, it is certainly becoming integrated more as part of the EU’s supply and production chain. There is no doubt that the geographical location between European and Asian Markets is appealing as well as its geographical position with Central Asia and south Caucasus. This location should not be overlooked when one considers that it has access to markets worth around USD 25 trillion GDP and 1.5 billion customers, it is easy to see the country’s appeal for business opportunities.
Over 2,500 UK companies are operating in Turkey and many are global corporations such as BP, Shell, Vodafone, Unilever, BAE, HSBC, Aviva and Diageo. Big retail corporations such as Tesco, Marks and Spencer, Harvey Nichols also have extensive operations in Turkey.
Turkey is ranked 16th largest in the global economy and sixth in Europe. Forecasters predict Turkey to be one of the world’s top 10 economies by 2023 and one of the fastest growing countries in the world by 2018. Furthermore there has been huge investment in the country in the last 9 years amounting to circa TL112 billion (60 billion USD).
Turkey is becoming an ever more appealing destination for many British people, with 2.5 million British nationals visiting the country each year. The strong pound at the moment also makes it an appealing destination. Turkey is ranked 6th in British overseas property purchases and continues to be an appealing prospect for future buyers.
Turkish is a phonetic language and is written in the Latin alphabet. It has 21 consonants and 8 vowels. Unlike romance languages such as French and Spanish, in Turkish there are no gender forms and one word is used for all forms. There are also many suffixes even for the simplest of words like ‘in, on, at, from’ which are suffixed to their noun thus producing extended words with different meanings.
As an agglutinative language, Turkish adds endings to the root of a word to produce the desired meaning. So for example, ‘gelmiyorladi’ means ‘they were not coming.’ The ‘-ing’, ‘-they’ and ‘were’ are added to it to create the phrase!
In Turkish there is no verb ‘to be’ or a definite article and personal pronouns are not used frequently.